A diet containing low fat dairy may reduce the risk of type 2 diabetes

A cow

It has been suggested that dairy products might have a preventive effect against type 2 diabetes.  However, the results of observational studies looking at the correlation between the consumption of dairy and incidence of type 2 have been inconclusive. A new systematic review set out to combine the evidence from these different studies into an [read the full story…]

HTA recommends against screening for type 2 diabetes in the UK

Asian man

Following on from our report of the ADDITION trial last week, we can add that the UK Health Technology Assessment programme has updated its recommendation against screening for type 2 diabetes. Their recommendation to the National Screening Committee contains an analysis of new evidence published between 2009 and January 2012. Elves everywhere – coniferous, deciduous [read the full story…]

Ethnicity, parenting, stress and self-efficacy are all associated with glycaemic control in young people with diabetes

Child with a megaphone

This review was motivated by the need to understand the barriers to achieving and maintaining good metabolic control among children and adolescents. From insulin pump (CSII) therapy to carbohydrate counting, technology has advanced rapidly since the Diabetes Control & Complications Trial.  However, this has not been matched with efforts to understand the impact of human [read the full story…]

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High-dose atorvastatin did not cause diabetes in low-risk patients with existing cardiovascular disease

Atorvastatin molecule

The Diabetes Elf once overheard a respected senior colleague: “The only treatments that don’t have any side-effects are the ones that don’t work.” So it turned out with statins, which were recently found to have increased the risk of developing type 2 diabetes.  The questions, of course, is “Are the benefits worth the harms?”  In [read the full story…]

New guidelines for the management of diabetic retinopathy


The Canadian Ophthalmological Society has published new guidance for the management of diabetic retinopathy. The guideline provides explicit account of the methods used to identify and evaluate the evidence and arrive at consensus.  Recommendations for clinical practice are set apart from the text that describes the evidence. The guideline covers: Definitions of disease Epidemiologyof diabetes [read the full story…]

Absence of evidence on whether exercise can prevent gestational diabetes

A pregnant woman

Research has shown that light to moderate exercise during pregnancy is beneficial for mother and baby alike.  It has also been shown to prevent type 2 diabetes in men and non-pregnant women.  This Cochrane review looked at whether it can prevent diabetes in pregnant women. Clinical question: In pregnant women, does exercise prevent gestational diabetes? [read the full story…]

Sedentary behaviour is associated with metabolic syndrome

We already know that sedentary lifestyle is associated with a greater risk of type 2 diabetes.  This systematic review looked for an association with metabolic syndrome, a precursor condition of diabetes. Clinical question: Is a sedentary lifestyle associated with a high risk of developing metabolic syndrome? Metabolic syndrome is the presence of three of the [read the full story…]

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