Diabetes dictates its own rules. And if the doctor says that you need to lose weight – do not look for arguments in defense of excess weight. Because it is the main factor that complicates the course of the disease. And anyone who has not yet been diagnosed with diabetes, but who is overweight and has high sugar levels, you need to remember: losing weight means minimizing the risk of developing the disease.
How to lose weight with diabetes
But what about the well-established opinion that it is almost impossible for a diabetic to lose weight? Fortunately, this is not the case. Another thing is that you need to lose weight with diabetes correctly and do it under strict medical supervision.
Diabetes is different-problems the same Diets for patients with type 1 and type 2 diabetes differ, as the causes of the development of diseases are different.
Type 1 diabetes mellitus (DM1) develops either before the age of 30 or after the age of 60 against the background of a special genetic predisposition under the influence of external factors (for example, viral infection, stress, autoimmune diseases). The main treatment for DM 1 is insulin therapy. Recall that only carbohydrates increase blood sugar, and they need to be taken into account in the diet to calculate the dose of insulin, and calorie content is not so important. So the tasks that a patient with DM 1 faces are to influence the mechanism of carbohydrate assimilation and their neutralization, as well as to stimulate the production of their own insulin.
One of the symptoms of DM 1 is weight loss, so when we talk about obesity as a pathological factor in the clinical picture of diabetes, we often mean DM 2.
Type 2 diabetes mellitus (DM2) is much more common. And is divided into 2 DM with overweight and type 2 diabetes without obesity. Most patients with this type of diabetes are overweight. The reason for the development of DM 2 is that the cells do not perceive insulin well due to the large amount of adipose tissue. Insulin affects the permeability of the cell membrane and its ability to conduct glucose. The cell does not open to interact with insulin, so glucose from the blood can not fully penetrate. Because of this, the blood glucose level remains elevated. In the treatment of DM 2, a low-calorie diet with a restriction of fat and easily digestible carbohydrates is indicated. What is important here is a comprehensive weight loss with the use of fat-burning components and the effect on carbohydrate metabolism.
The main goal of weight loss is to regulate the function of the pancreas, correct carbohydrate metabolism, and reduce blood sugar. Well, the desired slimness is just a nice bonus. For those who lose weight with diabetes, the usual set of measures with fitness and diet should be adjusted and supplemented. At the same time, it is desirable to influence the body from all possible directions and use all factors that can affect weight change.
Becoming lighter is a difficult task Why is it so difficult to lose weight for those who are diagnosed with diabetes? Let’s try to figure it out.
Your blood sugar level depends on the amount of carbohydrates you consume. The more carbs you eat, the more sugar gets into your blood. As soon as the blood glucose level rises, the pancreas begins to produce a certain amount of insulin. Insulin, entering the blood, increases the ability of tissues to absorb glucose, where it is either used or deposited in”fat depots”. An increase in the mass of adipose tissue is one of the reasons for the deterioration of carbohydrate metabolism, as a result of which cells become insensitive to insulin. Fats are not broken down. The level of glucose in the blood remains elevated, its excess quickly clog the walls of small vessels, the vessels lose their elasticity and stop doing their job. The tissues around them do not receive oxygen and nutrients from the blood, and eventually die off. The results of these processes are reduced vision, impaired blood circulation in the legs, problems with the kidneys, heart and pancreas.
In fact, this is a vicious circle, and our task is to help the body break out of it.
The arithmetic of health should aim for a small but stable weight loss. Endocrinologists warn that it is strictly forbidden to use extreme starvation diets for diabetes, as they can have serious undesirable health consequences. Therefore, it is necessary to remember the rules, without complying with which, any diet can be deadly.
Meals should be regular, fractional, and five times a day. It is better to eat every 3 hours, especially if you are taking hypoglycemic medications.
The basis of each meal should be foods high in fiber and protein products.
But the products with the excessive content of sugars and fat should be kept to a minimum. Discard the lungs of carbohydrates: sugar, sweets, products made with white flour. Reduce your salt intake.
Harmony and balance at the same time, the body must receive all the necessary vitamins and trace elements in sufficient quantities. And it’s not that simple.
First, the amount of vitamins and trace elements in food is steadily decreasing. Iron, zinc, selenium, and iodine have almost disappeared from the soil. But if there are no minerals in the soil, then there is no place for them in vegetables.
Secondly, with diabetes, the lack of vitamins and minerals increases gradually, and a low-calorie diet increases their lack.
Third, some vitamins and minerals are destroyed by insulin. But they are involved in all the most important reactions that occur in the body.
That is why additional intake of vitamins and trace elements in diabetes is not a whim, but an urgent need. Most often, diabetics lack b vitamins, primarily B1, B2, B5 , B6, lipoic acid, carotenoids, vitamins C, E, D, and K.
It also requires additional intake of trace elements such as chromium, zinc and selenium. Chromium and zinc are involved in the complex process of insulin synthesis in the pancreatic tissues, and thus have a positive effect on metabolism. The main role of chromium in the body is to maintain normal blood glucose levels. It improves the transport of glucose into the cell, restores the sensitivity of tissues to insulin, and enhances the conversion of glucose into glycogen. Chromium is involved in protein transport, normalizes carbohydrate metabolism, and helps maintain a healthy weight. It is also important that it normalizes the function of the thyroid gland and stimulates regeneration processes. In the presence of chromium, the body needs less insulin. With a long course of diabetes, the selenium content in the blood also decreases, which can increase susceptibility to infectious diseases.
Experts recommend paying special attention to antioxidants. Free radicals that are formed in the process of metabolism lead to dangerous damage to blood vessels that already suffer from diabetes, so it is important to quickly and timely neutralize them. Unfortunately, it is quite difficult to maintain a vitamin and mineral balance. Scientists have calculated that in order to get the daily norm of the well-known antioxidant vitamin C, you need to eat 3 kg of apples at once. That is why doctors strongly recommend paying attention to vitamin and mineral complexes and dietary Supplements.
Health Supplement but making up for vitamin deficiencies is not the only reason for taking additional dietary supplements. After all, they enrich our daily diet with what the body currently lacks. Supplements can really do a lot. For example, to successfully correct the work of certain organs, strengthen the immune system, and even help to smoothly and gently regulate a person’s weight, without the pangs of hunger and depressed mood. This is why people all over the world are willing to combine a diet with the use of dietary supplements.
How modern dietary Supplements help you lose weight:
- they suppress cravings for sweet foods;
- they stimulate the breakdown of fat and prevent the formation of new fat cells;
- they speed up the metabolism, in particular carbohydrate metabolism;
- they help to remove excess fluid from the body;
- provide the right balance of nutrition;
- maintain the level of neurotransmitter production that improves mood and prevents stress;
- increase the energy potential of the body;
- provide smooth weight reduction.
When choosing a dietary Supplement, make sure that IT is suitable for people with diabetes and is combined with your usual therapy.
Light to health! And, of course, the best support for the diet is additional physical activity. Here, as in the restriction of food, you should not go to the record. Choose the type of activity that gives you the most pleasure. Walking, recreational swimming, and dancing will help you lose weight and not harm your health. If you follow all these recommendations, your chances of success are very high. The main thing is not to give up and enjoy even the most modest achievements, because you are on the right track.
Reducing weight by just 10% reduces:
- fasting blood sugar by 30-50%
- systolic and diastolic blood pressure by 10 mmHg
- total cholesterol by 10%
- low-density lipoproteins by 15%
- triglycerides by 30%
Beans to help!
For a long time, beans have been used for sugar diseases, as it can significantly reduce the blood sugar content. Beans effect on carbohydrate metabolism, due to the presence in it of vazalamin. It has the rare ability to block the action of the digestive enzyme alpha-amylase, which prevents the absorption of complex carbohydrates, and they pass through the gastrointestinal tract without being digested.