Coffee reduces the risk of type 2 diabetes
Coffee helps reduce the risk of developing diabetes.
Researchers from Harvard University studied the link between changes in coffee consumption and the risk of diabetes, collecting data from three American studies, reports The Daily Mail. The results of the study are published in the journal Diabetologia.
It is reported that detailed information about the participants ‘ diet, lifestyle, health status and presence of chronic illnesses was collected every two to four years for more than 20 years.
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Data showed that people who reduced their coffee consumption by 1 or 2 cups a day had a 17 percent increased risk of developing type 2 diabetes. In turn, increasing coffee consumption by one and a half cups a day reduced the chances of developing type 2 diabetes by 11 percent. People who consumed three cups of coffee a day or more had the lowest risk of diabetes – about a third lower than people who drank one Cup or less a day.
No Association was found between changes in tea consumption and the risk of diabetes.
Previous work has shown that perhaps the link between reducing the risk of diabetes and coffee consumption is due to the action of chemical compounds of the drink (meaning not caffeine), writes the Los Angeles Times.
“Experiments with animals have shown that coffee phenolic compounds improve glucose metabolism. Coffee is also a very good source of magnesium, which is associated with a reduced risk of type 2 diabetes,” says Dr. Shilpa Bhupatiraju.
If this is the case, then increasing the consumption of decaffeinated coffee should have the same effect as in the case of regular coffee. However, scientists found that changes in decaf coffee consumption did not have a statistical effect on risk. Perhaps this is due to the fact that noticeable changes in the consumption of the drink were made by an insufficient number of participants.
According to Dr Richard Elliott, a research associate at Diabetes UK, despite the evidence presented for the link between the amount of coffee consumed and the risk of developing type 2 diabetes, there may have been other, unrecorded factors that may have contributed to reducing the risk of the disease. “Here’s what we know for sure: the best way to reduce the risk of type 2 diabetes is to maintain a healthy weight through a proper, balanced diet and regular physical activity,” he says.
It is also worth remembering that coffee has its own contraindications. For example, it is not recommended for hypertension, atherosclerosis, pregnancy.